Coccidia are microscopic parasites that disrupt intestinal function. Although they can be diagnosed on fecal examination, they are not worms. Instead, they are single celled organisms known as protists.
Thiamine Depletion and Polioencephalomalacia: What Every Alpaca Owner Needs to Know
The vitamin thiamine plays a critical role in alpaca health. Thiamine depletion can happen rapidly from a large number of causes and will lead to death unless promptly remedied by the immediate administration of injectable thiamine.
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVD virus or BVDV), a serious problem in cattle, has now been proven to also cause illness, abortions, and most important of all, the persistently infected (PI) state in alpacas.